Derived from the Greek word “xeros,” meaning “dry,” xeriscaping is an innovative approach to landscaping that prioritizes water efficiency while creating beautiful, low-maintenance outdoor spaces. Below are five key “dos” and “don’ts” of xeriscaping.

The Five Xeriscaping “Dos”

  1. Do Select Drought-Tolerant Plants: Xeriscaping involves choosing native or drought-tolerant plants that require minimal water once established. These plants are adapted to local conditions, reducing the need for irrigation.
  2. Do Implement Efficient Irrigation: Utilize efficient irrigation systems such as drip irrigation or soaker hoses to deliver water directly to the plant’s roots.
  3. Do Apply Mulch: Mulching is a key component of xeriscaping. A layer of mulch helps retain soil moisture, regulates soil temperature, and suppresses weeds.
  4. Do Group Plants by Water Needs: Efficiently organize your landscape by grouping plants with similar water requirements. This practice ensures that you water only where needed and avoid over-irrigating or under-irrigating certain areas.
  5. Do Embrace Sustainable Design: Incorporate sustainable design elements into your xeriscape, such as rain gardens and rain barrels.

The Five Xeriscaping “Don’ts”

  1. Don’t Plant High-Water-Use Lawns: One of the fundamental principles of xeriscaping is to minimize high-water-use lawns. Lawns demand copious amounts of water to remain lush and green, making them a costly landscaping choice in terms of water usage.
  2. Don’t Overwater: Overwatering is a common mistake in landscaping. Xeriscaping emphasizes efficient water usage. Did you know excessive watering promotes shallow root growth?
  3. Don’t Neglect Soil Health: Well-maintained soil can retain moisture better, reducing the frequency and volume of watering needed.
  4. Don’t Plant Inefficient or Invasive Species: Avoid planting water-thirsty or invasive plant species that can quickly take over your landscape.
  5. Don’t Disregard Maintenance: While xeriscaping is designed to be low-maintenance, it still requires some upkeep.

Xeriscaping is a wise investment in both your property’s aesthetics and your pocketbook. By following these five “dos” and “don’ts” of xeriscaping, you can significantly reduce your water consumption.